Kidneys are a paired bean shaped organs located near below of the back, behind the ribs. Kidneys are responsible for toxins filtration and evacuation from human body with extra water. Kidney-filtrated waste products and water become urine and are stored in bladder and then evacuated out of the body.
Besides filtering function kidney produce three hormones important for proper functioning of human body: erythropoietin – stimulates red blood cells production process in bone marrow, renin – regulates blood pressure, the active form of vitamin D - keeps calcium for bones and for maintaining chemical balance in the organism.
When functioning of kidney is impaired, a person develops one or several from following set of symptoms: foamy urine, puffiness around the eyes, swelling/puffiness of thighs, decreased amount of urine, nausea, high blood pressure, fluid retention, low back pain, , back pain, weight gain, swelling/puffiness of ankles, swelling/puffiness of wrists.
What causes kidney disease
Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure are the main reasons for kidney failure. When these two diseases are controlled by proper treatment, the subsequent kidney disease can often be avoided or slowed down.
Types of kidney diseaseChronic Kidney disease
- the most widely recognized type of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is a long-term condition that may worsen over time. It’s often a result of high blood pressure. Hypertension is unsafe for the kidneys on the grounds that it can build the weight on the glomeruli. Glomeruli are the small veins in the kidneys where blood is filtrated. After some time, the expanded weight harms these vessels and kidney capacity starts to decay.
Kidney function will eventually deteriorate to the point where the kidneys can no longer perform their job properly. In this case, a person would need to go on dialysis. Dialysis filters extra fluid and waste out of the blood. Dialysis can help to survive with kidney disease but it can’t cure it. A kidney transplant may be another treatment option depending on your circumstances.
Glomerulonephritis is an irritation of the glomeruli. Glomeruli are very small structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood. Glomerulonephritis can be brought about by diseases, drugs, or intrinsic irregularities (issue that happen amid or not long after birth). It often shows signs of improvement over time.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney infection is a hereditary condition that leads to development of sores (little sacs of liquid) in the kidneys. These blisters can meddle with kidney capacity and cause kidney decay. (Note that individual kidney sores are genuinely regular and quite often safe. Polycystic kidney disease is a different, more serious condition.)
Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract diseases (UTIs) are bacterial contaminations of any part of the urinary framework. Contaminations in the bladder and urethra are the most well-known. They are effortlessly treatable and seldom cause serious health problems. Notwithstanding, if left untreated, these contaminations can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney decay.
Signs and symptoms of urinary tract disease
A person with kidney disease may suffer from several symptoms such as:
Changes in Urination – urine may change its color, become darker or pale, be foamy, urination may happen more often and in greater amounts than usual, it may contain blood, person can experience unusual feelings during urination: burning, pains, feeling of full bladder immediately etc
Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, face, and/or hands.
Fatigue – kidneys fail to make a hormone called erythropoietin (a-rith'-ro-po'-uh-tin), that regulates number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your muscles and brain tire very quickly. This is anemia, and it can be treated.Skin Itching - Kidneys cleans the bloodstream from waste. When the kidneys fail, the increase in amount of wastes in the blood can result in itching.
Metallic Taste in Mouth - A rise of waste level in the blood (called uremia) can change taste of food and result in bad breath. You may also stop liking meat, or lose weight because of appetite loss .
Nausea and Vomiting -A sharp increase of waste level in the blood (uremia) can also lead nausea and vomiting.
Shortness of Breath - this symptom may be related to the kidneys in two ways. First, extra fluid in the body can fill in the lungs. And second, anemia (a shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells) can lead to oxygen shortage in body.
Dizziness and Trouble Concentrating - kidney failure may result in anemia and shortage of oxygen in the brain. As a result you may suffer memory problems, hadly concente, and feel dizzy.
What to do if YouShield warned you of kidney disease risk?
If you enter any of above symptoms in the YouShield application, application runs kidney related model and suggest following lab test to be performed to increase accuracy of risk estimation:
- Urine Protein - test indicates presence of excess amount of protein in urine
- Urine WBC – leaking of white blood cells into the urine
- Urine RBC - leaking of red blood cells into the urine
- UN - amount of urea nitrogen that's in person’s blood
- Potassium - mineral, which helps nerves and muscles communicate and move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells
- Systolic Blood Pressure (upper #) - the amount of pressure in the arteries during contraction of the heart muscle.
- Creatinine - compound, which is produced by metabolism of creatine and excreted in the urine.
As results of lab tests are entered into the system all available data is processed to estimate risks.