Hormone that regulates glucose concentration in the blood is called “insulin”. Insulin is produced by special cells of pancreas called “islet cells”. Type 1 diabetes develops when person’s body lose ability to generate insulin; type 2 diabetes develops when insulin is generated but the body lose ability to accept it. As a result, individual with diabetes has abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

According to the research performed by Diabetes Association, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population, had diabetes in 2012. Diabetes occupies the 7th place among reasons of death in the US with 69,071 death certificates mentioning it as the reason of death. There are numerous myths about diabetes that make it troublesome for individuals to trust a portion of the hard truths –for example, diabetes are a genuine and possibly savage illness. These myths can make a photo of diabetes that is not precise and loaded with generalizations and misinterpretations. Beneath we gathered some average diabetes myths:

Diabetes is not that serious of a disease.

It's not really so, diabetes annually leads to a greater number of deaths than breast cancer and AIDS together. Diabetes doubles probability for individual to get heart attack. However, awareness about diabetes control methods can lessen your chances for complications.

If you have excessive weight, you will gradually develop type 2 diabetes.

Not always so. Certainly, if person is overweight there is a possibility of developing this disease, but other risk factors such as family history, ethnicity and age also play a role. Unfortunately, people oversee the other risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Most obese people never get type 2 diabetes, and many people with type 2 diabetes have normal weight or only slightly overweight.

Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.

The situation is not so simple. Mechanism of diabetes development is not exactly understood yet, 1 type is result of autoimmune reaction of immune system, that recognizes islet cells as “enemy” and attacks and kills them with consecutive. However some inherited predisposition may take place ; type 2 diabetes is caused by lifestyle factors however certain genetic predisposition also exists.

The American Diabetes Association recommends that people should avoid intake of high glucose food and drinks like sugar-sweetened beverages to help prevent diabetes. These will increase level of glucose in a blood and may have several hundred calories in just one cup!

Individuals with diabetes ought to keep special eating regime, however a healthy meal plan for people with diabetes means generally the same as a healthy diet for anyone – less glucose and carbohydrates, less saturated and trans fat, moderate use of salt and sugar, meals based on lean protein, non-starchy vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats and fruit. Diabetic and "dietetic" foods with non-sugar sweeteners generally offer no special benefit for heath. Most of them still raise blood glucose levels, cost you more money and contain sugar alcohols that may have laxative effect.

If you have diabetes, you should consume no starchy foods, such as bread, potatoes and pasta.

Not quite so: while starchy foods can be part of a healthy meal plan, still you have to control their proportion to other types of snacks. Entire grain breads, oats, pasta, rice and bland vegetables like potatoes, yams, peas and corn can be part of your suppers and snacks. In addition to those, fruits, beans, milk, yogurt, and sweets are also sources of carbohydrates that have to be part of your diet.

People with diabetes can't eat sweets or chocolate. If those are consumed as part of a healthy meal plan, or combined with exercise, then candies and cookies can be eaten by people with diabetes. Limitations are the same as those for people without diabetes. The key to sweets is to have a very small portion and save them for exceptional occasions so you enrich your meal on more healthy foods.

You can catch diabetes from other person; while doctors don’t know exactly why some people develop diabetes; they know diabetes is not infectious. It can't be caught like a cold or flu. There is by all accounts some hereditary connection in diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle conditions also play a role.

People with diabetes are more likely to get colds and other illnesses; if you have diabetes then there is no more probability to get a flu or another illness than if you don’t. However, people with diabetes are advised to get flu shots. This is because diabetes is more difficult to control in case of side illness and people with diabetes may develop flu complications more easily than others.

If you have type 2 diabetes and your doctor told you to start using insulin, it means you didn’t perform well in controlling your diabetes properly; in many cases type 2 diabetes tends to progress. At the early stage organism can produce enough insulin to keep blood glucose at a healthy level. All is needed is proper diet and regular medicines intake. At the later stages, organism is able to produce lesser amounts of own insulin and medications can’t keep the producing level to the normal extent. So you’ll have to take insulin to regulate blood glucose levels.

Fruit is a healthy food. Therefore, it is ok to eat as much of it as you wish; No doubt that fruits ARE a healthy food. Fruits are the source of vitamins, carbohydrates, fiber and necessary microelements. But you need to remember that using them in excessive amounts may cause the same effect as eating too many sugar- rich snacks. Ask your doctor about the amount, frequency and types of fruits you should eat regularly.

Types of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs in early stages of life, though it can happen at any age. When organism developed type 1 diabetes, its white blood cells (T cells) attack and destroy beta cells. The process begins well before diabetes symptoms appear and lasts at the later stages. Type 1 diabetes is difficult to diagnose on the early stage so it becomes diagnosed when majority of beta cells have been damaged or dead. At this stage, it is necessary to take insulin regularly to survive. Many scientists are trying to find ways to stop destruction of beta cells, and stop the process at the early stages.

Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-age and later, obese people have greater chances to get it. With the rise of overweight and obese children numbers, we observe the increase of type 2 diabetes in younger age groups. There is a widespread opinion in the scientific circles that genetic and environmental factors trigger type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is often inherited disease, caused by genes. Certain combination of genes may lead to Diabetes type 2 occurrence or significantly reduce its probability. The role of genes was discovered when scientists observed families and identical twins and found out that the percentage of those having diabetes among them is higher than in other social and demographic groups. Ethnicity may also play part in having higher risks of diabetes 2 development.

Signs and symptoms of diabetes

People with diabetes develop the following set of symptoms: excessive thirst, frequent urination, frequent yeast infections, dry mouth, skin itching, leg pain, libido decrease, high blood pressure, frequent vaginal infections, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting.

What to do if YouShield warned you of diabetes risk?

Application runs one or both diabetes models based on the symptoms provided. The app suggests the following lab test to be performed to increase the accuracy of risk assessment:

Glycohemoglobin a1c - amount of sugar (glucose) bound to the hemoglobin in red blood cells

Fructosamine - a compound of glucose combines with protein

C-peptide - a protein produced with insulin used to estimate of insulin production

Glucose, random, serum - Blood sugar measured randomly at any time of the day

Glucose, fasting - blood sugar, measured after fasting, usually at morning

Glucose tolerance test - shows the body's ability to break down glucose

After lab tests are entered into the system, all available data is processed to estimate risk of certain health conditions. The system provides accuracy level of this estimation; the less data is entered - the lower would be the accuracy.